Metal ion technologies-How do they work?

Several metals, such as manganese, zinc, magnesium, iron and copper, are essential elements required for the survival and normal function of microorganisms. For example, some of these metals are enzyme cofactors that without their precise interaction these enzymes cannot function. Since metals are...


Review of textiles and environmental soft surfaces as a vector for hospital acquired infections

There has been a rise in the data that supports the environment as one of the important modes of pathogen transmission that contributes significantly to hospital acquired infections (HAI).  For example, Gastmeier and his colleagues attributed the source of outbreaks to contaminated surfaces in...