How effective is manual cleaning in hospitals?

Hospital cleaning depends on many factors, such as the frequencies, methodology and equipment used, monitoring and training of personnel. How these parameters influence the effectiveness of the cleaning process are nicely discussed by Dancer SJ (1,2). In previous posts we discussed the choices of...


Environmental manual cleaning and disinfection

In previous posts we have reviewed the difference between "clean" and hygienic (see here and here). In this post I wanted to delve deeper into the choices of disinfectants for manual cleaning. We describe cleaning by hand as manual cleaning as it requires physical intervention in order to reduce...